South Africa’s University of Cape Town has topped a Times Higher Education snapshot ranking of the best universities in Africa thanks to its highly-cited research, a strong international outlook and an ability to attract large sums of money from industry.
Nico Cloete, director of the Centre for Higher Education Trust and coordinator of the Higher Education Research and Advocacy Network in Africa, said that four institutions in the list – Cape Town, Makerere, Nairobi and Ghana – have “adopted strategies to become research-led flagship universities” in their country and seen “significant increases in doctoral graduates and research outputs during the last five years”.
A 2014 report, An Empirical Overview of Eight Flagship Universities in Africa: 2001-2011, co-written by Dr Cloete, found that of the institutions analysed, those outside South Africa enrolled “low proportions of postgraduate students”, ran “professional” master's programmes rather than ones that offered training in high-level research and had “high proportions of junior, under-qualified academics, leaving available low numbers of potential research leaders”.
In contrast, it found that more than 30 per cent of students at the University of Cape Town in 2011 were postgraduate students while almost two-thirds (62 per cent) of its permanent academics had doctoral degrees.
Phil Baty, THE rankings editor, said: “This snapshot ranking is based on the same criteria as the World University Rankings but we are keen to develop a bespoke range of metrics, following a public consultation, for a full Africa University Ranking.”
The THE Africa Universities Summit will be on the theme “globalisation and policy directions for African higher education” and will discuss whether both public and private institutions are essential to a strong university sector in the continent and consider what are the best ways to educate Africa’s youth.
University of Marrakech Cadi Ayyad (UCA), founded in 1978, has dedicated the past 10 years to meeting the joint challenges of a massive increase in student numbers and the transformation in the social needs for education and research. UCA currently has 13 faculties and high schools where more than 150 training programmes are open to students in various disciplines such as arts and human sciences, clinical studies, engineering and technology, life sciences, physical sciences and social sciences in four cities: Marrakesh, Kalaa of Sraghna, Essaouira and Safi. UCA has more than 146 research laboratories and teams working on emerging topics (energy, biotechnology, medicine, mathematics, electrical engineering) making UCA a leading university not only in Morocco, but also in North Africa. UCA created the Innovation City of Marrakech where energy and new technologies are one of the major research and innovation topics.
About Mohammed V University of Rabat
Mohammed V University of Rabat comprises 19 institutions: Acronyms Institutions; EMI Mohammadia School of Engineering; ENS Teachers Training School; ENSET School of Technical Education; ENSIAS School of Computer Science and System Analysis; EST-Sallé School of General Technology; FLSH Faculty of the Arts and Humanities; FMD Faculty of Dental Medicine; FMPH Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy; FSE Faculty of Education; FSJES-Agdal Faculty of Law, Economics, and Social Sciences-Agdal; FSJES-Salé Faculty of Law, Economics and Social Sciences-Salé; FSJES-Souissi Faculty of Law, Economics and Social Sciences-Souissi; FS Faculty of Science; IEA Institute of African Studies; IEHL Institute of Hispanic and Lusophone Studies; IERA Institute for Studies and Research on Arabization; IS Scientific Institute; IURS University Research Institute; UM5-AD Mohammed V University at Abu Dahbi. UM5 offers 230 tracks in a wide array of disciplines. UM5 has nearly 270 research units (teams, laboratories or research centres), 12 centres of excellence, 12 expertise clusters, one Center for Technological Innovation, five research chairs and more than 600 high level national and international cooperation agreements. In 2009, it launched the Rabat Research and Higher Education Hub (PRES – Rabat) with the aim of unifying scientific and higher education organisations.